Orthopedics is the medical field that covers injuries and diseases to the musculoskeletal system, which is the system that is made up of the skeletal bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints and other connective tissues that form the animal’s body. This system is also made to protect vital organs and allows for movement and to support of the body.

Some examples of what orthopedic treatments are for are cranial cruciate ligament tears, patellar luxations, bone fractures, elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis, among many others. In order to diagnose conditions that would warrant orthopedic surgeries and/or treatments, various scans or ultrasounds may be used. Surgeries can vary from minor fixes to major replacements of joints and other pieces of the musculoskeletal system.

Soft Tissue surgery involves surgeries of other parts of the body that are outside of the nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Some examples of soft tissue surgeries are reproductive surgery, abdominal surgery, thoracic surgery, upper airway surgery, head surgery, neck surgery, neurosurgery, oncological surgeries, and wound care or reconstruction. There are many other types but these are the most common and frequent in veterinary sciences and pet problems.

Like orthopedic treatments, these surgeries can vary in time and cost. It is important to remember that the pain of the pet is most important in deciding these decisions. There are many other factors to consider as well, but this should be the top concern for pet owners.
These treatments can be given to a variety of animals, but are mainly used for dogs and cats since they are the most common forms of house pets and the most common patients of veterinary clinics. These surgeries and procedures are also used on bigger animals. Equine veterinary services are a big market and important to keeping riding horses and racehorses healthy. These procedures have been performed on a variety of bigger animals that have been injured in the wild such as bears, deers, buffalo, etc.

For both cases, a consultation appointment is set first to discover the issue. Scans such as CAT scans or ultrasounds may be issued to diagnose the problem. From there future appointments are set and the plan for treatment is made. It is important for pet owners to catch these issues early in order to ensure quick and speedy recoveries and the greatest possibility of success to ensure a high quality of life for the family pet.